Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Amelia Earhart the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean and the first person to make a solo flight across both the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans.Ã Earhart also set several height and speed records in an airplane. Despite all these records, Amelia Earhart is perhaps best remembered for her mysterious disappearance, which has become one of the enduring mysteries of the 20th century. While attempting to become the first woman to fly around the world, she disappeared on July 2, 1937, while heading toward Howlands Island. Dates: July 24, 1897 -- July 2, 1937(?) Also Known As: Amelia Mary Earhart, Lady Lindy Amelia EarhartÃ¢â¬â¢s Childhood Amelia Mary Earhart was born in her maternal grandparentsÃ¢â¬â¢ home in Atchison, Kansas, on July 24, 1897 to Amy and Edwin Earhart. Although Edwin was a lawyer, he never earned the approval of AmyÃ¢â¬â¢s parents, Judge Alfred Otis and his wife, Amelia. In 1899, two-and-a-half years after AmeliaÃ¢â¬â¢s birth, Edwin and Amy welcomed another daughter, Grace Muriel. Amelia Earhart spent much of her early childhood living with her Otis grandparents in Atchison during the school months and then spending her summers with her parents. EarhartÃ¢â¬â¢s early life was filled with outdoor adventures combined with the etiquette lessons expected of upper-middle-class girls of her day. Amelia (known as Ã¢â¬Å"MillieÃ¢â¬ in her youth) and her sister Grace Muriel (known as Ã¢â¬Å"PidgeÃ¢â¬ ) loved to play together, especially outdoors. After visiting the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s Fair in St. Louis in 1904, Amelia decided she wanted to build her own mini roller coaster in her backyard. Enlisting Pidge to help, the two built a homemade roller coaster on the roof of the tool shed, using planks, a wooden box, and lard for grease. Amelia took the first ride, which ended with a crash and some bruises Ã¢â¬â but she loved it. By 1908, Edwin Earhart had closed his private law firm and was working as a lawyer for a railroad in Des Moines, Iowa; thus, it was time for Amelia to move back in with her parents. That same year, her parents took her to the Iowa State Fair where 10-year-old Amelia saw an airplane for the very first time. Surprisingly, it didnÃ¢â¬â¢t interest her. Problems at Home At first, life in Des Moines seemed to be going well for the Earhart family; however, it soon became obvious that Edwin had started to drink heavily. When his alcoholism got worse, Edwin eventually lost his job in Iowa and had trouble finding another. In 1915, with the promise of a job with the Great Northern Railway in St. Paul, Minnesota, the Earhart family packed up and moved. However, the job fell through once they got there. Tired of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s alcoholism and the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s increasing money troubles, Amy Earhart moved herself and her daughters to Chicago, leaving their father behind in Minnesota. Edwin and Amy eventually divorced in 1924. Due to her familyÃ¢â¬â¢s frequent moves, Amelia Earhart switched high schools six times, making it hard for her to make or keep friends during her teen years. She did well in her classesÃ but preferred sports. She graduated from ChicagoÃ¢â¬â¢s Hyde Park High School in 1916 and is listed in the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s yearbook as Ã¢â¬Å"the girl in brown who walks alone.Ã¢â¬ Later in life, however, she was known for her friendly and outgoing nature. After high school, Earhart went to the Ogontz School in Philadelphia, but she soon dropped out to become a nurse for returning World War I soldiers and for victims of the influenza epidemic of 1918. First Flights It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until 1920, when Earhart was 23 years old, that she developed an interest in airplanes. While visiting her father in California she attended an air show and the stunt-flying feats she watched convinced her that she had to try flying for herself. Earhart took her first flying lesson on January 3, 1921. According to her instructors, Earhart wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ at piloting an airplane; instead, she made up for a lack of talent with plenty of hard work and passion. Earhart received her Ã¢â¬Å"Aviator PilotÃ¢â¬ certification from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale on May 16, 1921 -- a major step for any pilot at the time. Since her parents could not afford to pay for her lessons, Earhart worked several jobs to raise the money herself. She also saved up the money to buy her own airplane, a small Kinner Airster she called the Canary. In the Canary, she broke the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s altitude record on October 22, 1922, by becoming the first woman to reach 14,000 feet in an airplane. The First Woman to Fly Over the Atlantic In 1927, aviator Charles Lindbergh made history by becoming the first person to fly non-stop across the Atlantic, from the U.S. to England. A year later, Amelia Earhart was asked to make a non-stop flight across the same ocean. She had been discovered by publisher George Putnam, who had been asked to look for a female pilot to complete this feat. Since this was not to be a solo flight, Earhart joined a crew of two other aviators, both men. On June 17, 1928, the journey began when the Friendship, a Fokker F7 specially outfitted for the trip, took off from Newfoundland bound for England. Ice and fog made the trip difficult and Earhart spent much of the flight scribbling notes in a journal while her co-pilots, Bill Stultz and Louis Gordon, handled the plane. 20 Hours and 40 Minutes in the Air On June 18, 1928, after 20 hours and 40 minutes in the air, the Friendship landed in South Wales. Although Earhart said she did not contribute any more to the flight than Ã¢â¬Å"a sack of potatoesÃ¢â¬ would have, the press saw her accomplishment differently. They started calling Earhart Ã¢â¬Å"Lady Lindy,Ã¢â¬ after Charles Lindbergh. Shortly after this trip, Earhart published a book about her experiences, titled 20 Hours 40 Minutes. Before long Amelia Earhart was looking for new records to break in her own airplane. A few months after publishing 20 Hours 40 Minutes, she flew solo across the United States and back -- the first time a female pilot had made the journey alone. In 1929, she founded and participated in the WomanÃ¢â¬â¢s Air Derby, an airplane race from Santa Monica, California to Cleveland, Ohio with a substantial cash prize. Flying a more powerful Lockheed Vega, Earhart finished third, behind noted pilots Louise Thaden and Gladys OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell. On February 7, 1931, Earhart married George Putnam. She also banded together with other female aviators to start a professional international organization for female pilots. Earhart was the first president. The Ninety-Niners, named because it originally had 99 members, still represents and supports female pilots today. Earhart published a second book about her accomplishments, The Fun of It, in 1932. Solo Across the Ocean Having won multiple competitions, flown in air shows, and set new altitude records, Earhart began looking for a bigger challenge. In 1932, she decided to become the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic. On May 20, 1932, she took off again from Newfoundland, piloting a small Lockheed Vega. It was a dangerous trip: clouds and fog made it difficult to navigate, her planeÃ¢â¬â¢s wings became covered with ice, and the plane developed a fuel leak about two-thirds of the way across the ocean. Worse, the altimeter stopped working, so Earhart had no idea how far above the oceanÃ¢â¬â¢s surface her plane was -- a situation that nearly resulted in her crashing into the Atlantic Ocean. Touched Down in a Sheep Pasture in Ireland In serious danger, Earhart abandoned her plans to land at Southampton, England, and made for the first bit of land she saw. She touched down in a sheep pasture in Ireland on May 21, 1932, becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic and the first-ever person to fly across the Atlantic twice. The solo Atlantic crossing was followed by more book deals, meetings with heads of state, and a lecture tour, as well as more flying competitions. In 1935, Earhart also made a solo flight from Hawaii to Oakland, California, becoming the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland. This trip also made Earhart the first person to fly solo across both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Her Last Flight Not long after making her Pacific flight in 1935, Amelia Earhart decided she wanted to try flying around the entire world. A U.S. Army Air Force crew had made the trip in 1924 and male aviator Wiley Post flew around the world by himself in 1931 and 1933. Two New Goals But Earhart had two new goals. First, she wanted to be the first woman to fly solo around the world. Second, she wanted to fly around the world at or near the equator, the planetÃ¢â¬â¢s widest point: the previous flights had both circled the world much closer to the North Pole, where the distance was shortest. Planning and preparation for the trip were difficult, time-consuming, and expensive. Her plane, a Lockheed Electra, had to be completely re-fitted with additional fuel tanks, survival gear, scientific instruments, and a state-of-the-art radio. A 1936 test flight ended in a crash that destroyed the planeÃ¢â¬â¢s landing gear. Several months passed while the plane was fixed. The Most Difficult Point in the Trip Meanwhile, Earhart and her navigator, Frank Noonan, plotted their course around the world. The most difficult point in the trip would be the flight from Papua New Guinea to Hawaii because it required a fuel stop at HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island, a small coral island about 1,700 miles west of Hawaii. Aviation maps were poor at the time and the island would be difficult to find from the air. However, the stop at HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island was unavoidable because the plane could only carry about half the fuel needed to fly from Papua New Guinea to Hawaii, making a fuel stop essential if Earhart and Noonan were to make it across the South Pacific. As difficult as it might be to find, HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island seemed like the best choice for a stop since it is positioned approximately halfway between Papua New Guinea and Hawaii. Once their course had been plotted and their plane readied, it was time for the final details. It was during this last minute preparation that Earhart decided not to take the full-sized radio antenna that Lockheed recommended, instead opting for a smaller antenna. The new antenna was lighter, but it also could not transmit or receive signals as well, especially in bad weather. The First Leg of Their Trip On May 21, 1937, Amelia Earhart and Frank Noonan took off from Oakland, California, on the first leg of their trip. The plane landed first in Puerto Rico and then in several other locations in the Caribbean before heading to Senegal. They crossed Africa, stopping several times for fuel and supplies, then went on to Eritrea, India, Burma, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. There, Earhart and Noonan prepared for the toughest stretch of the trip -- the landing at HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island. Since every pound in the plane meant more fuel used, Earhart removed every non-essential item -- even the parachutes. The plane was checked and re-checked by mechanics to ensure it was in top condition. However, Earhart and Noonan had been flying for over a month straight by this time and both were tired. Left Papua New Guinea Heading Toward HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island On July 2, 1937, EarhartÃ¢â¬â¢s plane left Papua New Guinea heading toward HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island. For the first seven hours, Earhart and Noonan stayed in radio contact with the airstrip in Papua New Guinea. After that, they made intermittent radio contact with the U.S.S. Itsaca, a Coast Guard ship patrolling the waters below. However, the reception was poor and messages between the plane and the Itsaca were frequently lost or garbled. The Plane Did Not Appear Two hours after EarhartÃ¢â¬â¢s scheduled arrival at HowlandÃ¢â¬â¢s Island, at about 10:30 a.m. local time on July 2, 1937, the Itsaca received a last static-filled message that indicated Earhart and Noonan could not see the ship or the island and they were almost out of fuel. The crew of the Itsaca tried to signal the shipÃ¢â¬â¢s location by sending up black smoke, but the plane did not appear. Neither the plane, Earhart, nor Noonan were ever seen or heard from again. The Mystery Continues The mystery of what happened to Earhart, Noonan, and the plane has not yet been solved. In 1999, British archaeologists claimed to have found artifacts on a small island in the South Pacific that contained EarhartÃ¢â¬â¢s DNA, but the evidence is not conclusive. Near the planeÃ¢â¬â¢s last known location, the ocean reaches depths of 16,000 feet, well below the range of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s deep-sea diving equipment. If the plane sank into those depths, it may never be recovered.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Conservation of energy Ã¢â¬â Sam Perelman Purpose: To investigate the gravitational potential energy, kinetic energy, and mechanical energy of the cart as it goes down the ramp. Hypothesis If energy is conserved then the cart will have the highest gravitational potential energy at the top of the ramp and the highest kinetic energy at the bottom of the ramp but have a consistent total energy throughout its journey. This is because the equation for Eg is Eg =mgh so when h=0 E=0 (this occurs at the bottom of the ramp). The equation for Ek however is Ek=(1/2)m(v2) so when v=0, E=0 (top of the ramp). This means that as the cart rolls down it begins losing Eg and gaining Ek which keeps Em at a constant. Materials - Wooden plank - GLX Graphing Device - 3 Textbooks - Meter Stick - Laboratory Cart Procedure 1. End of wooden plank was propped up with textbooks. Meter stick was used to measure the length and height of ramp. 2. Motion sensor was placed at the top of the ramp facing the bottom. Cart was let go from a position near the top of the ramp. Position-Time graph was obtained as the cart rolled down and away from sensor. 3. One point near the end of the run was selected as the final position (Ãâd2) and as the reference (h=0 at reference). 4. The following equation was used: h= Ãâd(H/L) to find the height of the cart at any position above the reference. 5. Speed was determined using the GLX graph tools section. 6. Determined position (d1) and the speed, v, using a point near the topShow MoreRelatedManagement Course: MbaÃ¢Ëâ10 General Management215330 Words Ã |Ã 862 Pages2005 The Evolution of Management Thought 55 Fayol believed that the ability to strike this balance was a key indicator of a superior manager. discipline Obedience, energy, application, and other outward marks of respect for a superiorÃ¢â¬â¢s authority. DISCIPLINE In focusing on the importance of disciplineÃ¢â¬âobedience, energy, application, and other outward marks of respect for a superiorÃ¢â¬â¢s authorityÃ¢â¬âFayol was addressing the concern of many early managers: How to create a workforce that was reliable
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cancer Cancer is a disease in which cells grow out of control and invade, erode, and destroy normal tissue. Damaged genes cause this development of cancer. These damaged genes are often a factor caused by such things such as the environment, and can be influenced by inherited factors. As the very early damaged cells divide they can evolve into a malignant cell population, and lose the control mechanism that govern normal cell division. These malignant cells can then go on to form solid tumours that start to destroy normal tissue. These can then spread to other parts of the body by releasing these tumour cells. Once these cancer cells spread, they grow in other parts of the body and then formÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦These are known as mutagens. These carcinogens can cause errors, duplication or rearrangement in DNA sequences that contribute to the progression of cancer. An example of a carcinogen is tobacco. Tobacco smoke contains at least twenty carcinogens, which are known to caus e lung cancer. Age can be a factor when asked what causes cancer. This is because cancer becomes more common as we get older. 85% of cancers are diagnosed in patients over fifty-five. This is because as we get older we become more susceptible to some types of carcinogens. Age is also a cause as it takes a long time for a cell to become cancerous, as there has to be a number of changes to the genes within a cell, before it turns into a cancerous cell. Therefore the longer we live; the more time there is for us to become susceptible to these mistakes in our genes. Our genetics are also another cause of cancer. If we are born with one of these genetic mutations, which can cause cancer, we are said to be genetically predipositional. This is known as many of the genes that control cell growth, and DNA repair are associated with inherited cancer susceptibility. The genes, which are susceptible to leading to cancerous mutations, are called proto-oncogenes. They are called oncogens as the word onco means cancer. An example of this is the faulty genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2. If a woman carries one of these genes, she isShow MoreRelatedCancer : Cancer And Cancer1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCancer Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases in 2012.2 The amount of new cases is expected to rise by about 70% over the next 2 decades. Cancer which causes nearly 1 in 6 deaths, is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries. In 2012 about 14.1 million new cases of cancer occurred globallyRead MoreOvarian Cancer : Cancer And Cancer988 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ovarian cancer is a disease in which malignant or cancerous cells are found in the ovaries. The ovaries are two small organs that are located on each side of the uterus. The way cancer develops is when cells begin to grow out of control. Cancer cells are different from normal cells because they continue to grow and instead of dying, they create abnormal cells that form into a tumor. Woman around age 35-74, ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of death. The earlier this cancer is treated theRead MoreCancer : Cancer And Cancer1998 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAbstract In women, one of the most common cancers of course is breast cancer, in men prostate cancer and in men and women, lung cancer and colon cancer are common cancers. It is important to understand that the cancer that occurs in one individual is very different from the cancer that occurs in another. Everyone is different; a lung tumor in one person will be different from a lung tumor in another person. Once a diagnosis of cancer is made, the next obvious question is what do you do? ThereRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1341 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat I chose to research on my cancer project was breast cancer, since breast cancer is one of the second deadliest cancers among women I felt like I should research into this topic more in-depth. Anyone, no matter male or female, we are born with some breast cells and tissue. Even though males do not develop milk-producing breasts, a man s breast cells and tissue can still develop cancer. Male breast cancer is very rare, yet more fa tale because they are less likely to assume the lump is possiblyRead MoreOvarian Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOvarian cancer is also one of the cancer that is affecting millions of women in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world. The previous researches were claiming that ovarian cancer comes from ovary cells. However, studies have found that ovarian cancer could be coming from fallopian tube. Dr. BurdetteÃ¢â¬â¢s lab researched how fallopian tube can be contributing to ovarian cancer, and her research shows strong evidence of how does it occurs. It is very important to find a cure for ovarian cancer, otherwise deaths due to ovarian cancerRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1115 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaround the world develops the most common disease called Breast Cancer. In the United States, about 200,000 women suffer from this disease and it causes more than 40,000 death each year. Breast cancer is a cancer cell (malignant tumor) that forms in the breast. The cancerou s cells grow in the breast and then invade the healthy cells and the surrounding tissues of the breast and it can also spread into other parts of the body. Breast cancer is more common in women but men can also get it too. One of theRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBefore going in depth, let us first define what breast cancer is. According to the National Breast Cancer.Org Ã¢â¬Å"Cancer is a broad term for a class of diseases characterized by abnormal cells that grow and invade healthy cells in the body. Breast cancer starts in the cells of the breast as a group of cancer cells that can then invade surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body.Ã¢â¬ Cancer begins in the cells which are the basic building blocks that make up tissue. Tissue isRead MoreBreast Cancer : Cancer And Cancer1831 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesBreast Cancer Studies shows men are diagnosed with breast cancer contrary to the perception that this disease is solely diagnose in women. What is breast cancer in men? Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread metastasize to distance of the body (Article 1).Women Manly have breast cancer but men can get it also. Some people doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize that men have breast tissuesRead MorePancreatic Cancer : Cancer And Cancer974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPancreatic cancer occurs when build up of cancerous cells develop within the tissues of the pancreas. The build up of those cells can go on undetected for quite some time before pain or any symptoms show themselves. Also some of the pains can be mistaken for symptoms of some other less severe conditions. The pancreas is the organ that produces digestive juices and hormones that regulate blood sugar. Cells called exocrine pa ncreas cells produce the digestive juices, while cells called endocrine pancreasRead MoreThe Disease Of Cancer And Cancer975 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCancer is the name given to a collection of many diseases. Cancer is uncontrolled cell division due to genetic changes that interfere the cell cycle and activate cell division. The cancer start in any part of the human body, such as in blood, lung, and colon. Cancers are different in the ways they spread and grow. Cancers types have its own characteristics. The general characteristics of Cancers are they work in the absence of growth factors, make their own growth factors, donÃ¢â¬â¢t respond to the signal
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Ascension Health for Comparative Study of Hospital. Answer: Introduction I work in a subsidiary of Ascension, named as Ascension Health. It is a non-profit organization situated in United States and is also one of the worlds largest Catholic Health care system owning about 131 hospitals (Hapenney, S. S., 2011). Mission, Values And Vision According to the company the mission and vision is the base of their work. This guides the employees to work hard and be dedicated to serve the needy with care and affection (Hendrich, A., 2007). Mission: The mission of the organization is to be rooted to the loving nature and serve all needy with care, affection and equality. This organization is spiritually dedicated for the improvement of the health of the society along with the individuals. Vision: The organization, envisions becoming an energetic Catholic Health Ministry which will lead to the transformation of the health care service. It ensures commitment to the health of the communities as well as the individuals who are in need. It views the expansion of the role of congregation in the region of both leadership and sponsorship. Values: The organization values proper service to the poor, wisdom, dedication, creativity, integrity and reverence. While thinking about the mission of the organization. To far extend it is moving towards the mission. The services and care provided to the people are as promised and according to the ethics of the organization. But in some sectors it is lacking as it is focusing mostly on expanding the organization rather in taking care of the employees. As employees are the main assets of the organization, the company should involve some funds in increasing the pay scale of the organization. In case of the vision, it is moving correctly towards achieving the goals. Organisation Structure Below is a view of Ascension organization, which includes the health ministry, sponsors, parent system, and subsidiaries. Within the company, the CEOs give instructions which come down through different levels, finally to the daily working staff. The physician leadership council, clinical leadership forum and the chief nursing officer forum, meets together and discuss about the agenda of what to do and what not to do. These are transferred to the team leaders through the CEOs. After that the team leaders provide this information to different sections of the team to carry out the functions. Reporting about the progress of the work will also go in the same way but in reverse direction (Georgopoulos, B. S., 1986). The hierarchical structure helps in maintaining the importance and respects between different levels. This also gives a sense of responsibility to the people of different levels. But along with the pros there are also some cons. The hierarchy system increases the workloads at the lower levels and also increases a feeling of rivalry between the levels. In this organization the nursing has a higher responsibility due to the increased number of patients as well as expanded business. A health care centre depends mostly on its services and care provided to the patients, and all these can only be done by the nursing department (Answering the call to care., 2015). This department also shares the same mission and vision as the main organization and performs all the works to make the company accomplish its goals. Nursing acts as the backbone of the organization. Conclusion From all the above discussion it can be concluded that, nursing are the most important part of a health organization. But some issues occur due to the workload and low wages, which sometimes make the management of the organization unorganized. So the organization should take care of all the departments equally. References Answering the call to care. (2015, February 03). Retrieved July 21, 2016, from https://www.ascensionhealth.org/nursing/#/nursing-connection-to-mission Georgopoulos, B. S. (1986). Organizational structure, problem solving, and effectiveness: A comparative study of hospital emergency services. Jossey-Bass. Hapenney, S. S. (2011). Appeal to conscience clauses in the face of divergent practices among Catholic hospitals (Doctoral dissertation). Hendrich, A., Tersigni, A. R., Jeffcoat, S., Barnett, C. J., Brideau, L. P., Pryor, D. (2007). The Ascension Health journey to zero: lessons learned and leadership perspectives. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 33(12), 739-749.
Monday, April 13, 2020
Introduction The Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) have the mandate of preparing and maintaining detailed emergency plans as stated in the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA). Since the year 1987, the state emergency response commission (SERC), as stated in the Connecticut General StatutesÃ¢â¬â¢ Section 22a-601 (b) (DEMHS 1), created local planning districts.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Local Emergency Planning CommitteeÃ¢â¬â¢s (LEPC) specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Upon recognizing that towns and cities are vulnerable to numerous threats and disasters such as ice storms, aircraft accidents, hurricanes, forest fires, earthquakes, and tornadoes, the Local Emergency Planning Committee prepares for these emergencies besides making appropriate plans to deal with them in the event of their occurrence (SERC 1). The paper looks at the components of LEPT, meetings, and the existi ng plans in the town of New London. It also evaluates the possible change suggestions and improvements for the plan. Components of the LEPC The management of the LEPT consists of the Chief Executive Officer who is charged with the management of significant emergencies, resource mobilization, and ordering of any evacuations from the disaster. The assistant to the chief executive officer is the Ã¢â¬Å"Emergency Management Director who has the task of managing and organizing the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC)Ã¢â¬ (SERC 1). He/she also serves in establishing communication within EOC, departmental coordination, and coordinating emergency plans. The third member of the committee is the fire leader (superior fire leader-in-charge). He or she is responsible for the determination of any areas vulnerable to catastrophes that need evacuation. He/she may also order any evacuations as deemed necessary (DEMHS 1). The emergency management communication officer is responsible for coordinating radio communications in the EOC in response to disasters. Other members represent the various departments involved with emergency response including the fire department, police department, EOO manager, public works department, emergency management director, public information officer, and health and medical coordinator. The response further includes communications coordinator, warning coordinators, evacuation coordinator, shelter/mass care coordinator, resource manager, town attorney, superintendent of schools, treasurer, military department, volunteer organizations, private utility companies, animal care, and control coordinator among other tasked organizations (SERC 5).Advertising Looking for essay on public administration? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Meetings An annual review of the local emergency planning committeeÃ¢â¬â¢s emergency plan is followed according to the regional guidelines. This keeps emergency response plans for the town up-to-date. The LEPC meets once after every two months with the main meeting taking place annually when the strategies and plans are reviewed. Members are also elected with reports on preparedness and financing alongside normal business being made (DEMHS 1). The last update in the emergency response plan was made a year ago in the annual meeting with the members unanimously agreeing on the changes. Personal opinions The disaster preparedness team is a necessary department in any modernized society in the light of the experience in disasters and emergencies. The United States and the state of Connecticut in particular are susceptible to accidents and natural disasters especially forest fires. In the past episodes, there have been losses of life that could have been prevented in the presence of adequate disaster preparedness. The opportunity is now present with the establishment of LEPC especially that of New London. The organization should however be objective in its plans and strategies with proper definition of the various roles to be played. Limitations and Suggestions The elaborate plans made by the LEPC are adequate. They will prove effective should a disaster occur. However, there is a little knowledge on the existence of the body among the citizens with most of them being oblivious of the safety measures in the case of a disaster. This seems evident in the previous response in disasters in the recent past. There is also no clear demarcation of the roles of the various members especially on who is responsible for major decisions on the evacuations between the fire department and the Chief Executive Officer. Despite the above shortfalls, the body has effectively laid down strategies, which are simplistic and easy to follow. Minimum possible resources are planned for with a true reflection of the real situation in disasters. The communication department is effective in communicating changes to the departments involved with various drills being evident especially in the police department.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Local Emergency Planning CommitteeÃ¢â¬â¢s (LEPC) specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Given the opportunity to lead the committee, my role would be championing for awareness, disaster preparedness, and response to disasters among the residents of the town. This would involve more adverts, posters, booklets, and setting up of more drills in public places and buildings. A law on safety requirements for various public areas is also required. The committee is a good body/instrument that can champion this matter. Lead agency for Hazardous Materials The efficient handling of hazardous materials within the town falls under the LEPC (SERC 3). The fire section is charged with the responsibility of separating, steadying, and controlling occurrences of risky stuffs until their proper elimination and dumping. Actions involved include evacuatio n and other measures relevant in protecting the townÃ¢â¬â¢s inhabitants from the hazards (SERC 1). In the event of a hazardous material accident, the person serving as the senior-fire-officeholder-in-charge is responsible for giving directions in the scene of the accident. The other person serving the same role is the municipal fire chief as stated in Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-know Act (EPCRA) (DEMHS 4). The Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) Ã¢â¬Å"under the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC), as specified under Title 22a, Chapter 446e, has the responsibility of planning for any material incidents in the communityÃ¢â¬ (SERC 1). It therefore stands out as a crucial body that defines the effectiveness of any actions taken in this kind of an emergency. Fire Department role The fire department has a central role in LEPC. Its preparedness is crucial in any disaster management. In the occurrence of a catastrophe, the section ships vehicles, workforce, and instrumentation to the place of the disaster. When an EOC is activated during an emergency, the department also sends a representative to aid in planning and management.Advertising Looking for essay on public administration? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It also briefs the EOC on the situation on the ground (SERC 12). The fire department Ã¢â¬Å"manages the rescue operations in the scene, determines the need for evacuations, and directs fire operations and the resources availableÃ¢â¬ (SERC 13). The department is also responsible for protecting those at risk from the disaster by evacuating them to safer grounds. It also briefs all the other responsible organizations on the dangers involved especially during the emergency operations. Conclusion The Local Emergency Planning Committee is charged with the responsibility of planning adequately before disasters and emergencies. The membership and roles are defined in each locality with the various members involved having defined functions. The disaster preparedness in the town is adequate with improvements needed in the public sensitization methods. Works Cited DEMHS. Model Local Emergency Operations Plan, 2012. Web. https://portal.ct.gov/DEMHS/Emergency-Management/Resources-For-Official s/Planning-For-All-Hazards/LEOP/Local-Emergency-Operations-Plan-Resources SERC. Local Emergency Planning Committees, 2012. Web. https://www.ct.gov/serc/cwp/view.asp?a=2591Q=315312 This essay on Local Emergency Planning CommitteeÃ¢â¬â¢s (LEPC) was written and submitted by user Aiyana Hurst to help you with your own studies. 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Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Conventions of Editing House Style The expression house style refers to the specific usage and editing conventions followed by writers and editors to ensure stylistic consistency in a particular publication or series of publications (newspapers, magazines, journals, websites, books). House-style guides (also known as style sheets or stylebooks) typically provide rules on such matters as abbreviations, capital letters, numbers, date formats, citations, spelling, and terms of address. According toÃ Wynford Hicks and Tim Holmes, An individual publicationsÃ house style isÃ increasingly seen as an important part of its image and as a marketable commodity in its own right (Subediting for Journalists, 2002). Examples and Observations House style is not a reference to the canard that an entire magazine can be made to sound as if it were written by one writer. House style is a mechanical application of things like spelling and italics. (John McPhee, The Writing Life: Draft No. 4. The New Yorker, April 29, 2013) The Argument for Consistency House style is the way a publication chooses to publish in matters of detail- single quotes or double, use of capitals and lower case, when to use italics, and so on. Putting a piece of copy into house style is the straightforward process of making it fit in with the rest of the publication. The main purpose is consistency rather than correctness... The argument for consistency isÃ very simple. Variation that has no purpose is distracting. By keeping a consistent style in matters of detail a publication encourages readers to concentrate on what its writers are saying (Wynford Hicks and Tim Holmes,Ã Subediting for Journalists. Routledge, 2002) Guardian Style [A]t the Guardian . . . , we, like just about every media organisation in the world, have a house style guide... Yes, part of it is about consistency, trying to maintain the standards of good English that our readers expect, and correcting former editors who write such things as This argument, says a middle-aged lady in a business suit called Marion . . .. But, more than anything, the Guardian style guide is about using language that maintains and upholds our values . . .. (David Marsh, Mind Your Language. The Guardian [UK], August 31, 2009) The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage We recently revised two longstanding rules in The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage, the newsroomÃ¢â¬â¢s style guide... They were very minor changes, involving simple matters of capitalization and spelling. But the old rules, in different ways, had long annoyed some Times readers. And the issues illustrate the competing arguments of preference, tradition and consistency behind many style rules. . . . We continue to favor clarity and consistency over a hodgepodge of idiosyncratic preferences. We prefer established usage over change for changeÃ¢â¬â¢s sake. And we put the needs of the general reader over the desires of any particular group.. Consistency is a virtue. But stubbornness isnÃ¢â¬â¢t, and weÃ¢â¬â¢re willing to consider revisions when a good case can be made. (Philip B. Corbett, When Every Letter Counts. The New York Times, FebruaryÃ 18, 2009) A Set of Local Fetishes For most magazines, house style is just an arbitrary set of local fetishes that matter to no one but those insiders petty enough to care. (Thomas Sowell, Some Thoughts About Writing. Hoover Press, 2001)
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Application of specific energy and momentum function - Coursework Example Conversely, the increase, in short, smooth step with the change in y within the channel and with the given upstream depth and corresponding discharge, y3 is increased. Y3 is increased due to the expansion and energy loss. A hydraulic jump is utilized for energy dissipation that occurs when the flows transitions from the supercritical to corresponding subcritical mainly due to the spillway and the steep slope to the mild slope. The depth of water downstream from the jump and the location of the jump are computed using the conservation of energy equation (Kiselev, Fomin & Vorozhtsov, 1999). It is expected from y1 that the depth of water to escalate as the specific energy of the prevailing reduces slowly. Moreover, the alternate depths at which the specific energies ought to be identical. Nevertheless, the values collected does not depict that as the underlying values were not adequate to produce the correct and expected graph thus the association was not represented as anticipated. The prevailing graphs derived from the depths of the flow, and corresponding specific energy at the section depicts that the depth escalates as the time elapses linearly with the specific energy indicating that the two underlying variables are linearly associated. The percentage relative head loss for the underlying theoretical outcomes is relatively higher than the corresponding practical percentage relative to the head loss. The difference is due to the depth of water subsequent to the hydraulic jump that was higher than that of the underlying experimental values. The energy is lost because of the turbulent flow implying that the real water depth is relatively lower than prevailing theoretical computations. The trend line depicts the positive correlation amidst the escalation of the Froude number and corresponding y3/y1 values. The experiment was undertaken under the controlled situations in order to